前  言

PREFACE

幾千年來,藝術家們用繽紛的色彩和高超的技巧描繪了一部精彩的人類發展史。他們有著豐富的想象力和創造力,重塑著歷史章節和生活中的細微點滴,啟迪我們重新發現曾經的驚濤駭浪以及生活的平凡之美。

粉畫是其中的一個畫種,無需借助任何介質,本身有著穩定而鮮艷的色彩。它利用色粉的覆蓋以及筆觸的靈動來作畫,既能厚重深刻,也能輕描淡寫,可具象寫實,也可抽象寫意,具有豐富的、極強的藝術表現力。

“粉畫”一詞,是由英文Pastel翻譯而來,又譯作色粉畫、粉筆畫、粉彩畫,它大約有500年的歷史,由素描演變而來。粉畫可以追溯到距今一萬多年前的舊石器時代,那些古老而神秘的洞穴壁畫,以帶顏色的礦石或石粉為顏料,粗礦的線條,濃郁的色塊,描繪著生產和生活的場景。廣義地說,這應該是粉畫的起源。

到了十三世紀的歐洲,隨著文藝復興的浪潮,粉畫藝術也在歐洲萌芽。十七、十八世紀歐洲粉畫藝術的發展迎來了巔峰,我們耳熟能詳的粉畫巨匠很多都誕生于這個時代。小漢斯-荷爾拜因、讓-夏爾丹、米勒、德加、卡薩特、馬奈等等。粉畫藝術成為主流藝術形式里不容忽視的一部分。

伴隨著世界粉畫的發展,中國畫家也開始接觸粉畫。1919年,留學歸國的李超士將粉畫引入中國,受到徐悲鴻、劉海粟、潘玉良、顏文樑等藝術家的支持,曾在上海風靡一時。然而受戰爭影響,粉畫發展剛剛起步即遭受挫折。直到上世紀七十年代末,顏文樑、劉汝醴、黃養輝、盧鴻基、丁正獻等5人發起由11人作品參加的中國第一次粉畫聯展后,引起中國美術家協會重視,粉畫開始在中國復蘇。此后,丁正獻、杭鳴時等粉畫家又扛起了推動中國粉畫發展的旗幟。

在老一代粉畫藝術家的帶領下,通過三十多年的不懈努力,中國粉畫取得了快速的發展。粉畫創作隊伍逐漸擴大,許多地方自發地建立了粉畫組織,粉畫藝術逐步走入大眾生活,同時粉畫國際交流活動日趨頻繁。這就是創立粉畫藝術博物館的歷史背景。

作為中國第一家粉畫藝術博物館,我們將加強與國內外藝術機構和藝術家的合作,致力于凝聚粉畫力量和資源,搭建各國藝術家之間相互學習的平臺,積極推進博物館征集典藏、展示交流和學術研究工作。我們相信,在大家的共同努力下,中國粉畫一定會更加蓬勃地發展,粉畫藝術一定會擁有一個更加美好的明天!

For thousands of years, artists have painted a brilliant history of human development with colors and superb techniques. Their imagination and creativity reshaped our view of life, enlightening us to rediscover the past and the ordinary beauty in everyday life.

Without the need of drawing support from other materials, pastel is one of the media that offers stable and vivid colors. It creates a a rich hue with the coverage of pastel and characteristic strokes. Pastel paintings could be deep and figurative; they could also be deliberate or abstract. It is a medium that allows rich artistic expressions.

In Chinese, pastel is translated to "fenhua", or "sefenhua, fenbihua, fencaihua". Evolved from sketch about 500 years ago, the origin of pastel can be traced back to the Paleolithic age dating back to more than 10,000 years ago when the ancient and mysterious cave paintings were made by red and yellow ochre, hematite, manganese oxide and charcoal. The bold lines and vivid colors depicted the ancient living scenes. It could be considered as the origin of pastel in a broader sense.

In the thirteenth century, the art of pastel originated in Europe with the surge of Renaissance. The development of European pastel art ushered in the pinnacle later in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. That was the time for pastel masters such as Holbein, Chardin, Millet, Degas, Cassatt, Manet, and so on. It was them who make pastel part of the mainstream art forms that cannot be neglected.

While the influence of pastel art was growing in the world, pastel was introduced to Chinese artists when Li Chaoshi returned from France in 1919. Supported by Xu Beihong, Liu Haisu, Pan Yuliang, Yan Wenliang and other artists, pastel became popular in Shanghai. However, the development of pastel was shortly setback because of the war. It was not until the end of 1970s that Yan Wenliang, Liu Ruli, Huang Yanghui, Lu Hongji and Ding Zhengxian organized the first-ever Pastel Exhibition in China in which 11 artists took part. Pastel art re-entered public spotlight and caused China Artists’ Association’s attention. After that, Ding Zhengxian, Hang Mingshi and other pastel painters took on the responsibility of promoting pastel in China.

Guided by the old generation pastel artists, through more than thirty years of unremitting efforts, pastel art in China has achieved rapid development. pastel art gradually integrated into public life: number of artists working in pastel gradually expanded; more pastel organizations were established regionally; International exchange activities happened more frequently. That is as well the historical background of the foundation of the museum of pastel art.

As the first China-based museum dedicated in pastel art, we will strengthen the cooperation with Chinese and international art institutions and artists, devoting ourselves to unite the pastel talents and resources. We strive to create a platform for international artistic exchange, and to promote the collection, display and academic research in the pastel field. It is believed that together with our efforts, pastel will flourish in China and there will be a better future for pastel art.

粉畫藝術博物館

Museum of Pastel Art

參觀時間:10:00 - 17:00

開放時間:除春節全年無休

TEL:0512-68183890

ADD:蘇州市李公堤四期10幢

(No.10 Li Gong Di-Four, Suzhou Ind. Park)

ZIP:215021

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